Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA)
The PPRA allows parents and students who are 18 years old or emancipated minors (eligible students) certain rights regarding conducting surveys, the collection and use of information for marketing purposes, and certain physical exams by Charlottesville City Schools. To see Charlottesville City Schools’ policy about surveys, see Policy JOB.
See also: Scholastic Records
A. Consent before students are required to submit to a survey that concerns one of more of the following protected areas if the survey is funded in whole or in part by a program of the U.S. Department of Education:
- Political affiliations or beliefs of the student or student’s parent
- Mental or psychological problems of the student or student’s family
- Sex behavior or attitudes
- Illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating, or demeaning behavior
- Critical appraisals of others with whom respondents have close family relationships
- Legally recognized privileged relationships, such as with lawyers, doctors, or ministers
- Religious practices, affiliations, or beliefs of the student or parents
- Income, other than as required by law to determine program eligibility.
B. Ability to have a child opt out of the following:
- Any other protected information survey, regardless of funding
- Any non-emergency, invasive physical exam or screening required as a condition of attendance, administered by the school or its agent, and not necessary to protect the immediate health and safety of a child, except for hearing, vision, or scoliosis screenings, or any physical exam or screening permitted or required under state law
- Activities involving collection, disclosure, or use of personal information obtained from students for marketing or for selling, or otherwise.